Main CPGW Record
Forename(s): Alfred Edward
Place of Birth: Cononley, Yorkshire
Service No: 37538
Regiment / Corps / Service: King’s Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry)
Battalion / Unit: 10th (Service) Battalion
Division: 21st Division
Date of Death: 1916-09-25
CWGC Grave / Memorial Reference: Pier and Face 11 C and 12 A.
CWGC Cemetery: ---
CWGC Memorial: THIEPVAL MEMORIAL
Non-CWGC Burial: ---
Local War Memorial: CONONLEY, YORKSHIRE
Local War Memorial: SILSDEN, YORKSHIRE
Alfred Edward Broadhead (born 17 July 1896) was the son of Enos and Maria Broadhead, née Wilson. Enos was born at Darfield and Maria at Heath Common near Wakefield, Yorkshire. Alfred and his sister, Elizabeth Ann, were baptized at St. Peter's Church, Kirkthorpe (Warmfield Parish), Yorkshire, 27 December 1896; their mother had also been baptized there. Enos and Maria were married there in 1879.
1901 Silsden, Yorkshire Census: Daisy Hill - Alfred Broadhead, aged 4 years, born Cononley, Yorkshire, son of Enos and Maria Broadhead.
1911 Silsden, Yorkshire Census: 9, Daisy Hill - Alfred Broadhead, aged 14 years, born Cononley, Yorkshire, son of Enos and Maria Broadhead.
British Army WW1 Medal Rolls Index Cards: Pte Alfred E. Broadhead, 6049, W. Rid. R.; 37538, Yorks L. I. Rep. Dead.
British Army WW1 Medal and Award Rolls: Pte Alfred Edward Broadhead, 6049, 1/5th W. Rid. R.; 37538, 10th Yorks L.I. Rep. Dead 25.9.16.
Army Registers of Soldiers' Effects: L/Cpl Alfred Edward Broadhead, 37538, 10 K.O.Y.L.I. Date and Place of Death: On or since 25.9.16. Death pres'd. To whom Authorised/Amount Authorised: Mother and Sole Legatee - Maria. £6 6s.5d.
UK, WW1 Pension Ledgers and Index Cards, 1914-1923: card(s) exist for Alfred. Name(s) on card(s): Dependant: Mrs Maria Broadhead. Relationship to soldier: Mother. Address: 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, Keighley.
Alfred was killed in action near Gueudecourt during the Battles of the Somme, 1916, 1 July-18 November, at the Battle of Morval, 25-28 September.
Alfred is commemorated on the Midland Railway War Memorial at Derby.
Data Source: Craven’s Part in the Great War - original CPGW book entryView Entry in CPGW Book
Entry in West Yorkshire Pioneer Illustrated War Record:
BROADHEAD, Lance Corporal A.E., aged 21, K.O.Y.L.I., 9, Daisy Hill, [Silsden], killed in action Sept. 25, 1916.
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L/Corporal Alfred Edward BROADHEAD
Regiment / Corps / Service Badge: King’s Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry)
Divisional Sign / Service Insignia: 21st Division
Soldiers Died Data for Soldier Records
Forename(s): Alfred Edward
Born: Cononly, Yorkshire
Regiment: King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry)
Battalion: 10th Battalion
Died Date: 25/09/16
Died How: Killed in action
Theatre of War: France & Flanders
Notes: Formerly 17888, W. Riding Regt.
CWGC Data for Soldier Records
Forename(s): Alfred Edward
Country of Service: United Kingdom
Service Number: 37538
Rank: Lance Corporal
Regiment: King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Unit: 10th Bn.
Died Date: 25/09/1916
Additional Information: Son of Mrs. Maria Broadhead, of 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, Yorks.
View Additional Text For Soldier Records
WHEN THE SOMME RAN RED, by A. Radclyffe Dugmore
[Alfred Edward Broadhead was in the draft, mentioned below, that joined the 10th (Service) Bn King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry) on the 11 July 1916.]
… Eventually the train arrived and took us to V–e [Ville-sur-Ancre] our old stamping ground. The distance was only a few miles, but many hours, very weary hours, were occupied in the journey. Soon after our arrival we received the new drafts. Men of many different regiments, some had been in the attack of July 1st, others were new arrivals who had not seen a trench, and it was a merry task sorting and arranging the lot. In fact the day was one of the busiest I have ever seen, rolls had to be made up, gas helmets tested, kits inspected, deficiencies made good, iron rations issued, (emergency rations, not to be used except by officer’s order) new N.C.O.s appointed and a thousand and one things to be done. Some of the new officers having come to add to the confusion, they had to be sized up and allotted to companies. It was midnight before we were able to get a chance to sleep and the orders were that we should proceed to Bottom Wood, beyond Fricourt the following morning. [12th July]
Any old soldier would have been amused had he seen us getting ready to move. The battalion had to be drawn up and roughly inspected, and owing to the restricted area it was necessary to move the companies about more or less. Being a Light Infantry regiment we have many pecularities [sic] as to drill and orders. One item being that the men are not called to attention and given the “slope’ums,” preparatory to moving, we simply say “move right (or left) in fours. Form fours–right” and off they go, springing to attention automatically as the first part of the move and marching off at the “trail.” Fully half of our new men knew nothing of our Light Infantry idiosyncrasies, and were completely lost. The idea of being expected to move without being called to attention or given the “slope” was too much for them. The result was one of grand and very glorious confusion, for which no one was to blame. At first our Colonel, who was a regular from a Highland Light Infantry regiment, and a splendid fellow, accustomed to having things done strictly according to rules and regulations, gazed with indignation and rapidly rising temper at the horrible muddle. A word whispered in his ear at the critical moment explained the situation and discipline or no discipline there was a suppressed giggle before the mongrel Battalion finally got under way with more or less uniformity of action.
PTE. ARTHUR GRUNDY - 10TH (SERVICE) BATTALION K.O.Y.L.I. (21ST DIVISION) by J.A. Richardson. (Published privately, 2008)
THE BATTLE OF MORVAL: 25TH – 28TH SEPTEMBER 1916
On Monday, the 25th September the Allies made a general attack from Martinpuich to the River Somme. On the British front the objectives included an area curving round the north of Flers and Martinpuich, and about 1,000 yards deep. The villages of Gueudecourt, Lesbœufs and Morval were also to be taken.
The attack on Gueudecourt was to be made by the 21st Division, with the 64th Brigade attacking on the right and the 110th Brigade on the left; the 62nd Brigade was in Divisional Reserve. To the right of the 64th Brigade were the Guards Division; to the left of the 110th Brigade were the 55th (West Lancashire) Division. Gueudecourt village was to be taken by the 110th Brigade. The 64th Brigade, with the 1st Lincolnshire Regiment from the 62nd Brigade attached to it for the attack, was given three objectives: The first objective, Gird Trench and Gird Support was to be taken by the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. and the 1st East Yorkshires; the second objective was a line running south-eastwards from the from the south-east corner of Gueudecourt village, this was to be taken by the 1st Lincolns. After the Lincolns had captured the second objective, the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. and the 1st East Yorkshires, having regrouped, were to pass through the Lincolns position and take the third objective, the Gueudecourt-Le Transloy road running from the north-east of Gueudecourt, where contact was to be made with the Guards Division. Two tanks should have been available to the XV Corps, but one became ditched and the other was not used until the next day, when tanks were to show what they could achieve.
An unsuccessful attack on Gird Trench had been made over the same ground allotted to the 21st Division by the 43rd Brigade of the 14th (Light) Division. This attack had taken place on the 16th September and their unburied dead remained on the battlefield where they had fallen.
Opposing the 21st Division were the 238th Reserve Infantry Regiment of the 52nd Reserve Division, who were on the right of their division in the Gird trenches south-east of Watling Street. On present day maps Watling Street is named Chemin des Guilmonniers and the ground over which this portion of the German trenches ran is named les Flaques. In front of Gueudecourt was the 1/6th Bavarian Regiment on the left of its division, the 6th Bavarian. Each German regiment had three battalions and there were three regiments to a division. The 51st and 52nd Reserve Divisions of the XXVI Reserve Corps had come down from Ypres to relieve the 185th Division and the 5th Bavarian Division. The relief had been completed by the 18th September.
The bombardment that preceded the attack began at 9:00 a.m. and increased in intensity hourly, but became a ‘hurricane bombardment’ between 12 noon and 12:30 p.m. At 12:35 p.m. the attack along the whole line began. In the 64th Brigade the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. was right attacking battalion with the 1st East Yorkshires on their left. Both battalions attacked in two waves with 100 yards distance between each wave. On leaving their trenches south-east of Watling Street they came under very heavy artillery, rifle and machine gun fire. A machine gun or guns at Point 91 caused many of the casualties. The advance continued towards Gird Trench, their first objective, but the barbed wire entanglements protecting the German trenches had hardly been touched by the British bombardment and both battalions were held up. Many men became stuck, some being impaled on the uncut wire. The East Yorkshires later mention seeing German officers running up and down on the parados of the enemy trenches, directing machine gun fire at the attackers. The attackers, other than find shelter in shell holes, could do nothing; the hail of bullets would almost certainly have hit anyone showing himself. Arthur Grundy was killed in this attack on the first objective.
The 1st Lincolns, on moving forward, were halted in the British front line by the heavy shell-fire put down by the enemy. The 9th K.O.Y.L.I. and the 15th D.L.I., who were in support, were so heavily shelled that they failed to reach the assaulting battalions. When at 5:00 p.m. the XV Corps H.Q. became aware of events on 21st Division’s front, the Divisional Commander, Major-General Campbell, was ordered to try again using the tank. Major-General Campbell obtained consent from Lieutenant-General Horne, the Corps Commander, to postpone a fresh attempt on the Gird trenches and Gueudecourt until the following morning. The survivors of the attack were then ordered to withdraw under the cover of darkness. Nightfall must have seemed a long time in coming, especially for the wounded, for until it was dark none could be brought back.
The reason why the German wire had not been cut by the British bombardment was that it lay in dead ground. This was ground that could not be seen by the British artillery observers from their observation posts. In this hidden ground the German wire remained intact and when the bombardment lifted from the first German line the enemy came up from their dugouts to meet the attackers with a terrible fire.
The failure of the attackers to take their objectives caused problems for the 4th Grenadier Guards of the Guards Division on the right of the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. The left flank company of the Grenadiers were forced to form a defensive flank. The other company of the Grenadiers then continued forward to their other objective. All the Guards Division objectives were taken on the 25th of September.
At about 6:30 a.m. on the 26th September, tank D4 of ‘D’ Company, Heavy Section Machine Gun Corps – later to be renamed as the Tank Corps – started out from Flers to help in clearing Gird Trench of the enemy. It came up either Pilgrims Way or Good Street – it is not certain which – both were tracks leading from Flers to Gueudecourt. When it reached Gird Trench the tank turned right and worked its way along the trench, firing as it went. Also, when a British aeroplane that had been directing an artillery bombardment upon Gird Trench signalled for it to stop, it then flew low and fired at the enemy with its machine guns. Bombers from the 7th Leicesters of the 110th Brigade, with their ‘C’ and ‘D’ Companies supporting them, steadily pushed the Germans south-eastwards towards the Guards Division. Any Germans taking refuge in their dug-outs were bombed and those trying to escape across the open country behind their trenches were fired upon by Lewis guns. In the capture of Gird Trench many of the enemy were killed and wounded. Eight officers and 362 other ranks surrendered, mostly from the 238th R..I.R., including the battalion commander. The tank then destroyed what remained of the 1/6th Bavarians in front of Gueudecourt and their battalion headquarters captured. The British losses had been light.
The Gird trenches were then occupied by the 15th D.L.I. advancing from the 64th Brigade front. Gueudecourt was captured later in the day. The 64th Brigade resumed their advance with the 15th D.L.I. the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. and part of the 9th K.O.Y.L.I. to a position short of the third objective. This advance appears to have been led by an officer of the 1st East Yorkshires with some of his own men and some from the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. who had refused to withdraw following the failed attack of the previous day. The 12th Northumberland Fusiliers then took over this front and advanced the short distance remaining to the third objective and dug in along the road.
At night the 62nd Brigade relieved the 64th Brigade; the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. marched to Bernafay Wood and bivouacked. They spent the 27th and 28th September resting and cleaning up. On the 29th they marched to Pommiers Redoubt and rested. The following day the Battalion marched to Ribemont where they were joined by fifty reinforcements. The 21st Division was then moved north to the region of Béthune.
The War Diary of the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. only lists casualties on the 25th September: 50 killed, 156 wounded and 97 missing. For the same date, ‘Soldiers Died in the Great War’ gives the total numbers of officers and men killed from the 64th Brigade, including the 1st Lincolns attached from the 62nd Brigade, as follows:
10th K.O.Y.L.I. - 104
1st East Yorkshire Regt. - 72
1st Lincolnshire Regt. - 29
15th D.L.I. - 1
9th K.O.Y.L.I. - 0
The figure for the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. above does not include three officers who were attached to the Battalion and are listed in Soldiers Died in the Great War under their respective battalions of the K.O.Y.L.I. Also these figures do not include seven soldiers that were killed in action with the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. on the 25th September. These men were amongst the drafts received by the 10th K.O.Y.L.I., their names are: Pte. F. Crabtree (5619), Pte. G. Hartley (6065), Pte. A.G. Jennings (6071), Pte. E. Murphy (4822), Pte. W. Platt (4827), Pte. H. Heeley (19329) and Pte. H. Hinchcliffe (19324). They are listed by the C.W.G.C. and Soldiers Died in the Great War as belonging to the 1/5th and 10th D.W.R.
Casualties from the 26th September listed in Soldiers Died in the Great War are:
1st East Yorkshire Regt. - 12
9th K.O.Y.L.I. - 6
1st Lincolnshire Regt. - 4
15th D.L.I. - 3
10th K.O.Y.L.I. - 3
The 10th K.O.Y.L.I. therefore lost a total of 117 soldiers: 7 officers and 110 other ranks during the Battle of Morval. Of those who died fifteen have known graves – fourteen of which were killed in action and one who died of wounds; most of them are buried in the Guards’ Cemetery at Lesbœufs. The bodies of the fourteen killed in action were probably recovered from the battlefield after the Germans had withdrawn to the Hindenburg Line in March 1917.
The 7 officers and 95 other ranks are commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing. Of this number, four are buried in unknown K.O.Y.L.I. soldier graves, in Combles Communal Cemetery Extension; the date of death on their headstones is the 25th September. There are also three graves in this cemetery of unknown K.O.Y.L.I. soldiers who lie next to a 10th K.O.Y.L.I. casualty from the 25th of September. There are no dates of death on these three headstones, but their proximity to the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. soldier’s grave could mean that they too were 10th K.O.Y.L.I. casualties from the 25th September.
Soldiers Died in the Great War lists four 10th K.O.Y.L.I. men who died of wounds that must have been received during the battle; all have graves:
27th September - 2
28th September - 1
30th September - 1
Pte. William Henry Brook (4791) who died of wounds at Heilly Casualty Clearing Station on the 28th September was a 1/5th D.W.R. soldier attached to the 10th K.O.Y.L.I. This makes a total of 122 known deaths attributable to the Battle.
View Craven Herald Articles
27 October 1916
ANOTHER SILSDEN SOLDIER MISSING
The parents of Private Alfred E. Broadhead of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, who reside at 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, have received news that their son is missing. The information has come to hand from one of his comrades, who, in a letter says:- "I am sorry to inform you that your son Alfred is missing. I went over the top with him on September 25th, but when the roll call was made he was missing. It came as a shock to me as I had mated with him at Brockton, and I always found him ready to do his duty like a true Christian soldier."
20 July 1917
ANOTHER SILSDEN SOLDIER MISSING
Lance-Corporal E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, of 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, has been reported missing since September 25th 1916. Lance-Corporal Broadhead, who is 21 years of age, enlisted in January 1916, and had only been out in France two or three months. Any information regarding his whereabouts will be thankfully received by his parents.
28 September 1917
BROADHEAD - Reported missing September 25th 1916, and now officially reported killed on that date, in action in France, Lance-Corporal A. E. Broadhead, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, aged 21 years.
28 September 1917
SILSDEN - MISSING, NOW OFFICIALLY REPORTED KILLED
Official news has been received from the War Office that Lance Corporal A. E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, and son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, who has been posted as missing since September 25th 1916, was killed on that date.
Lance Corporal Broadhead, who was 21 years of age, enlisted in January 1916, and had only been out in France two or three months. He was formerly employed as a goods porter at the Steeton and Silsden Railway Station. Mr. and Mrs. Broadhead have another son, Pte. Willie Broadhead, who is serving in the Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment, and who has been out in France from the early days of the war. Lance Corporal A. E. Broadhead formerly attended the Silsden Primitive Methodist Church and Sunday School.
05 October 1917
SILSDEN - IN MEMORY OF THE FALLEN
A service was held at the Silsden Primitive Methodist Church an Sunday morning last in memory of Lance- Corporal A. E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, and son of Mr. and Mrs. E. Broadhead, 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, who has been killed in action. The officiating minister was the Rev. Wm. Dickinson (pastor). The reverend gentleman said that Lance-Corporal Broadhead had been reported as missing for the past twelve months, but the War Office had now sent intelligence that they could not hold any hope of his safety and his life. They sympathised with the parents and relatives who were with them that morning in their long waiting suspense and anxiety, and now the apparent loss, and prayed that they would be comforted by that grace which was divine, and sustained by that great and precious promise of God's word. Surely, the association of the Sunday School and Church, and of the home, must have gone with him and influenced him to have been good and to do good, and to do his bit for King and Country and the home and loved ones. They were also all sorry to hear that Seaman John Clark was reported missing, and yet they were not without hope for his safety. When they assembled for service of that character he hoped they would remind themselves that not one of them could fully appreciate the heroism of those brave men on land and sea. To fully appreciate the heroism, they would have to be there and see, understand, and pass through what our soldiers and sailors had to pass through. But willingly they paid the supreme sacrifice for us in order to preserve the home, loved ones and country. His prayer was that they might prove themselves worthy of all the brave heroism and the noble and sacrificial work and life of those brave men on land and sea. There were many who had found a sailor's grave, and there were many who would have no mark to show the place where they rest, but yet they were safe in God's keeping. - At the close the organist played the Dead March.
View West Yorkshire Pioneer Articles
27 October 1916
SILSDEN SOLDIER MISSING
The parents of Private Alfred E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, who reside at 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, have received news that their son is missing. Writing on October 3rd, one of his comrades said:- "I am sorry to inform you that your son Alfred is missing. I went over the top with him on September 25th, but when the roll call was made he was missing. It came as a shock to me as I had mated with him at Brocton, and I always found him ready to do his duty like a true Christian soldier."
20 July 1917
SILSDEN SOLDIER MISSING
Lance Corporal A.E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, of 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, has been reported missing since September 25th, 1916. Lance Corporal Broadhead, who is 21 years of age, enlisted in January, 1916, and had only been out in France two or three months. Any information regarding his whereabouts will be thankfully received by his parents.
28 September 1917
BROADHEAD - Killed in action, Sept. 25th, 1916, Lance-Corp1. A. E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, of 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, aged 21.
28 September 1917
SILSDEN SOLDIER KILLED
Official news has been received from the War Office that Lance-Corporal A. E. Broadhead, of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, of 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, who has been posted as missing since Sept. 25th, 1916, was killed on that date. Lance-Corporal Broadhead, who was 21 years of age, enlisted in January, 1916, and had only been out in France two or three months. He was formerly employed as a goods porter at the Steeton and Silsden Railway Station. Mr. and Mrs. Broadhead have another son, Pte. Willie Broadhead, of the Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment, and who has been out in France from the early days of the war. Lance-Corpl. A. E Broadhead formerly attended the Silsden Primitive Methodist Church and Sunday school.
05 October 1917
SILSDEN - MEMORIAL SERVICE
A memorial service for the late Lance-Corporal Broadhead, of the King's Royal Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Broadhead, of 9, Daisy Hill, Silsden, was held at the Primitive Methodist Church on Sunday morning last. The service was conducted by Rev. Wm. Dickinson (pastor) who at the close of
his sermon said that Lance-Corporal Broadhead had been reported as missing for the past twelve months, but information had now been received from the War Office that he was killed on September 25th, 1916. They deeply sympathised with the parents and relatives in their long wait, suspense and anxiety, and now apparent loss, and they prayed that they might be comforted by the grace that was divine and sustained by that Great and precious promise of God's word. Surely his association with that school and church and the home must have gone with him and influenced him. to have been good, to do good, and to do his bit for King and country, and the home and loved ones. They were all sorry to hear, that Seaman John Clark was reported as missing, and yet they were not without hope for his safety. But in the suspense they prayed that his mother and all his relatives might be sustained and comforted by God's divine blessing. When they met together for service like that, might they remind themselves that not one of them could fully appreciate the heroism of these brave men on land and sea. To appreciate their heroism they would have to be there, to see and to understand, and to pass what they had passed through. But willingly they paid the supreme sacrifice for them and to preserve home and loved ones and country. His prayer was that they might prove themselves worthy of all the brave heroism and the noble and sacrificial work and life of these brave men on land and sea. There were many who found a sailor's grave, and there were many who would have no place or no mark to show the place where they rested, yet they were safe, in His keeping. At the close the organist played the 'Dead march' in Saul.
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