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Kayley EARNSHAW

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Surname: EARNSHAW

Forename(s): Kayley

Place of Birth: Calton, Yorkshire

Service No: 11988

Rank: A/Sergeant

Regiment / Corps / Service: Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)

Battalion / Unit: 10th (Service) Battalion

Division: 23rd Division

Age: 36

Date of Death: 1916-06-09

Awards: D.C.M.

CWGC Grave / Memorial Reference: I. D. 3.

CWGC Cemetery: BOIS-DE-NOULETTE BRITISH CEMETERY, AIX-NOULETTE

CWGC Memorial: ---

Non-CWGC Burial: ---

Local War Memorial: AIRTON, YORKSHIRE

Local War Memorial: KIRKBY MALHAM, YORKSHIRE

Additional Information:

Kayley Earnshaw was the son of William and Jane Earnshaw, née Kayley and brother of Private Farrand Earnshaw (27500) (q.v.). Their father was born at Paythorne and mother at Hellifield, Yorkshire. Kayley was the uncle of Ordinary Seaman George Earnshaw (J/30711) (q.v.).

1881 Calton, Yorkshire Census: Kayley Earnshaw, aged 10 months, born Calton, son of William and Jane Earnshaw.

1891 Calton, Yorkshire Census: Kayley Earnshaw, aged 10 years, born Calton, son of William and Jane Earnshaw.

1901 Ewshot, Hampshire Census: 49th Brigade R.F.A., Royal Artillery Hut Barracks - Gunner Kayley Earnshaw, aged 20 years, born Skipton, Yorkshire.

Kayley was married to Ellen Carradice in 1905.

1911 Scosthrop, Yorkshire Census: Kayley Earnshaw, aged 30 years, born Calton, Yorkshire, husband of Ellen Earnshaw.

British Army WW1 Medal Rolls Index Cards: A/Sgt Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., 3/11988, W. Rid. R. Theatre of War first served in: (1) France. Date of entry therein: 26.8.15. K. in A. 9.6.16.

British Army WW1 Medal and Award Rolls: A/Sgt Kayley Earnshaw, 3/11988, 10th W. Rid. R. K. in A. 9.6.16.

Army Registers of Soldiers' Effects: A/Sgt Kayley Earnshaw, 11988, 10th Bn W. Riding Regt. Date and Place of Death: 9.6.16.In Action. To whom Authorised/Amount Authorised: Widow - Ellen. £14 14s. 6d. Daughter - Doris. £14 14s. 6d. Daughter - Gladys. £14 14s. 6d.

Data Source: Craven’s Part in the Great War - original CPGW book entry

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Entry in West Yorkshire Pioneer Illustrated War Record:

EARNSHAW, Sergeant Kaley, D.C.M., West Riding Regiment, of Scosthrop, Airton, killed in action in France, June 1916.

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A/Sergeant Kayley EARNSHAW

A/Sergeant Kayley EARNSHAW

Regiment / Corps / Service Badge: Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)

Regiment / Corps / Service Badge: Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)

Divisional Sign / Service Insignia: 23rd Division

Divisional Sign / Service Insignia: 23rd Division

Data from Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914 - 1919 Records

Soldiers Died Data for Soldier Records

Surname: EARNSHAW

Forename(s): Kayley

Born: Airton, Yorks

Residence: Bell Busk, Yorks

Enlisted: Settle, Yorks

Number: 11988

Rank: A/Sgt

Regiment: Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

Battalion: 10th Battalion

Decorations:

Died Date: 09/06/16

Died How: Killed in action

Theatre of War: France & Flanders

Notes:

Data from Commonwealth War Graves Commission Records

CWGC Data for Soldier Records

Surname: EARNSHAW

Forename(s): Kayley

Country of Service: United Kingdom

Service Number: 11988

Rank: Serjeant

Regiment: Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

Unit: 10th Bn.

Age: 36

Awards: D C M

Died Date: 09/06/1916

Additional Information: Husband of Ellen Earnshaw, of Chapel St., Salterforth, Colne, Lancs.

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Citations of the Distinguished Conduct Medal, 1914-1920

11988 Sjt. K. Earnshaw, 10th Bn., W.Rid. R. (LG 15 Apr. 1916).

One of Serjeant Earnshaw’s guns was blown bodily into a shell crater. He went out into the open, brought it back and in a short time had it in action again.

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Additional Photo(s) For Soldier Records

Unknown platoon of 'A' Company, 10th (Service) Battalion, Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Aldershot, 1914

Unknown platoon of 'A' Company, 10th (Service) Battalion, Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Aldershot, 1914

Photograph sent home to his parents at Bolton by Bowland by Pte Henry (Harry) Valance Killeen (13738). Henry is standing, with his hands behind his back, 11th from right. His brother, Pte Reginald Victor Whiteley Killeen (q.v.), was killed in action on the 25 January 1916

Courtesy of Paula Ann Payne (née Bailey), Barnoldswick

'A' Company, 10th (Service) Battalion The Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment), Bramshott, August, 1915

'A' Company, 10th (Service) Battalion The Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment), Bramshott, August, 1915

Courtesy of Bernard Ideson

Names of identified officers and other ranks on above photograph

Names of identified officers and other ranks on above photograph

ROLL CALL OF THE SKIPTON DIVISION LIBERAL & CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATIONS, August 4th 1914 - August 4th 1916

ROLL CALL OF THE SKIPTON DIVISION LIBERAL & CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATIONS, August 4th 1914 - August 4th 1916

Entry on Page 14

Doris (on left) and Gladys Earnshaw

Doris (on left) and Gladys Earnshaw

Doris (on left) and Gladys Earnshaw, the daughters of Kayley and Ellen Earnshaw

Courtesy of Carole-Anne Hirst, née Earnshaw

Ellen, the wife of Kayley Earnshaw with their daughters

Ellen, the wife of Kayley Earnshaw with their daughters

Ellen, the wife of Kayley Earnshaw with their daughters (l-r) - Doris and Gladys

Courtesy of Carole-Anne Hirst, née Earnshaw

Ellen, the wife of Kayley Earnshaw with their daughters

Ellen, the wife of Kayley Earnshaw with their daughters

Ellen, the wife of Kayley Earnshaw with their daughters (l-r) - Gladys and Doris

Courtesy of Carole-Anne Hirst, née Earnshaw

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11 December 1914

THE DOINGS OF THE SETTLE TROOP

Our Settle and district readers will be interested to hear that the Settle Company of Kitchener’s Army – who are included in the 10th Service Battalion of the Duke of Wellington’s West Riding Regiment – left Trensham [Frensham] Camp on the 2nd inst., and went into the Oudenarde Barracks, North Camp, at Aldershot. The men are well and contented, and are working hard for their country’s cause. There are many civilians who do not even yet realise how much these men have given up and how cheerfully they face hardships in order that those at home, unable for various reasons to give their services, mat still enjoy the comforts and undisturbed peace of their own homes.

The next move of the regiment was on Monday to Camberley where they remain for seven days, and then back to barracks again. The men are in the midst of company training, and all ranks are doing their best to become efficient. K. Earnshaw, R, Coltswell, J.H. Hitchin, and N. Roberts have gained promotion, and there are many other Settle lads who are marked out for promotion in the immediate future. The last few weeks at Trensham were very rough, and the men found that it was no picnic to camp out in November. There are two invalids in hospital, viz., Pte. P.C. [C.P.] Branthwaite, of Newsholme, who is very ill with pneumonia, and Pte. Greenhow, from a very bad attack of the same disease.

07 April 1916

D.C.M. FOR A MALHAMDALE SOLDIER

Mrs. Earnshaw, of Scosthrop, Airton, has received the pleasing intimation from Captain Tunstill, his company commander, with the 10th West Yorkshires in France, that Sergeant Kaley Earnshaw has had the Distinguished Conduct Medal conferred upon him for gallantry in action. Writing on March 23rd, Captain Tunstill says:– “I write to tell you how glad and proud I am that your husband has won the D.C.M. None deserves it more, and no one is more proud than I am that he has won it.

“I believe it will be the first D.C.M. ever brought to Malhamdale, and Malhamdale ought and will be proud and grateful to the brave man who has done the Dale this honour.”

Sergeant Earnshaw, who enlisted in Captain Tunstill’s troop from Airton, went through the Boer War, serving as a gunner attached to the 63rd Battery. He was drafted home as an invalid after suffering from fever. He joined the Leeds Royal Artillery at Leeds at the age of 18. He sailed from Bristol in the transport “Ismore” and the vessel was wrecked off Columbia Point, about 90 miles from Cape Town. After spending some days on land, two gun boats were sent down from Capetown, but they could not get within 12 miles of the spot, and all transport had to be requisitioned to take the men off. Sergeant Earnshaw was in at the capture of Spion Kop and the relief of Ladysmith.

Before joining Captain Tunstill’s troop Sergeant Earnshaw was a gardener for Mr. Dudley Illingworth at Hanlith Hall. He was highly respected in the district and his wife and two children live at Scosthrop. The news of the honour he has earned will be received with keen pleasure by the inhabitants of the Dale.

Sergeant Earnshaw, after his machine gun had been blown up by a shell, succeeded in digging it out, and then got it into working order, all the time being heavily shelled by the Germans, who were only 60 yards away. He also rendered great aid in bandaging up the wounded.

Captain Tunstill writes as follow:–

“The General is having a special parade today to give Lieut. T. Heale (one of the officers, 18th West Ridings) the Military Cross, and Kaley Earnshaw the D.C.M. We are so delighted about Kaley, do tell everyone in Malhamdale about it, and how well he deserves it too. He is the first of my men to win the D.C.M. although there are many others who have earned it again and again.

“It is really wonderful to see that he is always so cheerful and happy, all through the greatest hardships and privations, under very trying conditions, and I feel more proud of my company each day.

“Kaley’s fellow Dalesmen will be as proud of him as we all are, and will wish both him and the rest of us a safe return home.”

Writing to his wife. Sergeant Earnshaw says:–

“We have had a general inspection. The General shook hands with me and told me I was getting the D.C.M. sometime in the future; so my chest is beginning to expand already. I wish they would get the job over with, but judging by the papers it looks like a lot of married men are having to come out yet. I received a congratulatory message from the Colonel yesterday to say I have been awarded the medal. You will no doubt want to know what for. Well, I suppose it was for digging a gun out that had been blown up by a shell, and getting it into working order again, and bandaging wounded under heavy shell fire. I am not very good at describing things, but we had rather a warm time.”

23 June 1916

EARNSHAW – In June, killed in action in France, Sergeant Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., West Riding Regiment, of Scosthrop, Airton.

23 June 1916

MALHAMDALE D.C.M. KILLED IN ACTION

Great gloom was cast over Malhamdale when the sad news came that Sergt. Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., of Scosthrop, Airton, had been killed in France.

He had seen service in South Africa, and was one of the first men to answer Capt. Tunstill’s appeal for recruits when war broke out, and had been in France nearly a year with the 10th West Riding Regiment.

It is only a few weeks since Sergt. Earnshaw was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for great gallantry, and he was expecting leave to come home to receive a presentation from his fellow Dalesmen as a token of their pride and esteem of his exploits

Sergt. Earnshaw was hit by a trench mortar and killed instantly.

The greatest sympathy is felt for his widow and children in the loss of the brave man who brought so much honour to the Dale, and his name will ever be remembered both there and in his regiment where he was deservedly popular, and is deeply regretted by both officers and men.

07 July 1916

THE POET’S CORNER - SONGS OF THE GREAT WAR SERIES

No. XX11. – SON OF SCOSTHROP

(In memory of Sergeant Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., West Riding Regiment, of Scosthrop, Airton – Killed in action in France last month. He was the first to bring the Distinguished Conduct Medal to Malhamdale, but lost his life before being presented with it.)

Mourn, Scosthrop, mourn, thy gallant son–
His Craven hamlet’s pride–
As brave a man behind the gun
As ever crossed the tide.

The medal, which he never wore
Upon his manly breast,
Was won amidst the cannon’s roar,
In battle’s sorest test.

His gun, which bursting shell ‘dug in,’
He gallantly ‘dug out’–
His only thought–how best to win,
And put the foe to rout.

Yet he was just as kind as brave
’Neath raking fire of shell,
Intent to bandage and to save
The wounded where they fell.

Brave, gallant son, we mourn him dead,
Who thus obeyed the call
To join the lads by Tunstill led,
Upon the fields of Gaul.

For country left he weans and wife,
To stand behind the gun–
Not loth to offer up his life
That freedom may be won.

Such are the men who’ve helped to earn
The peace we hope to see,
When battle’s tide at length we turn
To final victory.

Such are the men who’ve helped to strike
The hour of great advance–
God speed that hour and all their like
Upon the fields of France.

(Rev.) W.J. Gomersall. Hampstead, July, 1916.

[Rev. Gomersall’s nephew, William Ellis Gomersall, was killed in action, 1 July 1916.]

08 March 1918

AIRTON – PRESENTATION OF D.C. MEDAL

During the early part of 1916 the honour of D.C.M. was given to Sergeant Kayley Earnshaw, of the Machine Gun Section, West Yorkshire Regiment, for recovering his gun after it had been buried by shell fire, and for conspicuous courage in attending to the wounded under heavy shell fire. The people in the district raised a substantial sum as a mark of their appreciation. On June 14th the sad news was received that Sergeant Earnshaw had been killed on the 9th of June. He had served in the R.F.A. through the South African Campaign. On Thursday the 28th, Lieut.-General Sir John Maxwell and a distinguished company met at the Leeds Town Hall, when he presented 86 medals to soldiers, or their nearest relatives; 66 being received by soldiers and 20 by relatives. Each of the men received an encouraging reception when they mounted the platform, especially warm and sympathetic being the greetings given to relatives of soldiers who had fallen. Amongst this number was Mrs. Kayley Earnshaw, of Scosthrop, whose husband, as already stated, made the supreme sacrifice on June 9th 1916. The money raised for Sergeant Earnshaw was invested in War Bonds for Mrs. Earnshaw.

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25 September 1914

THE ROLL OF HONOUR

The following men have answered the appeal by joining the Settle Company of the 10th Battalion of the Duke of Wellington’s West Riding Regiment:–

From Austwick – William Hoyle, Wilson Pritchard, Samuel Shepherd, Fred Swale, John William Thistlewaite, George Thistlewaite.
Airton – Kayley Earnshaw.
Arncliffe – Percy Hodgson, John Simpson.
Bolton-by-Bowland – Irvine Clark, Jim Coates, Richard Davies Ellison, Harold Greenhow, Edward Victor Grubb, James Mason, Robert Singleton, Joseph Chapman Syers.
Bell Busk – Leonard Fox.
Clapham – Albert Edward Drury, Arthur Herbert Procter.
Grindleton – William Irvin Bell, James Wilding Clarkson, Joshua Crossley, William Walker.
Gisburn – Anthony Lofthouse, John Robinson.
Hellifield – James John Angus, Charles Graham, Thomas Harding, Charles Harwood, Sidney Hoar, John Ernest Linnett, Joseph Edward Preston, Thomas Procter, Christopher Ralph, Norman Roberts, Fred Graham.
Horton – John Bruce Davidson.
Ingleton – Hugh Robinson.
Longpreston – Arthur Bailey, Thomas Garnett, John Henry Hitchin, Henry Edward Horner, William Jones, James Kayley, Job Kayley, Arthur Lawson, William Henry Metcalfe, Joseph Parker, William Procter, William Rawlinson.
Langcliffe – Richard Butler, Thomas Henry Edmondson.
Marton – John Beckwith.
Malham – James Swinbank.
Newsholme – Thomas Edward Askew, Carl Parrington Branthwaite, Benjamin Ashton Butler, William Henry Scott.
Otterburn – Harry Gilbert Tunstill.
Settle – Robert William Bell, Ernest Campbell, George Clark, John Thomas Cockerill, Robert Cresswell, Herbert Dickinson, William Edward Gibson, George Jellett, Thomas Laytham, Robert Henry Maunders, Robert Newhouse, Walter Umpleby, Thomas Walsh, Solomon Richard Webb.
Stainforth – Walter Dinsdale.
Slaidburn – Edwin Isherwood, Walter Isherwood, Abel Moore, Charles Edward Parker, George Whitfield.
Wigglesworth – Fred Metcalfe, George Oversby.
Waddington – Joseph Barrett Hartley, Albert Hird [Herd], Harry Smith, Thomas Rigby, William Watson.

07 April 1916

SCOSTHROP MAN WINS THE D.C.M.

Sergt. Kaley Earnshaw, of Scosthrop-in-Malhamdale, has won the D.C.M. for great gallantry in France. He was one of the first to offer himself in response to the appeal of Captain Tunstill, C.C., for a hundred recruits in September 1914, and with other splendid men from the district was attached to the 10th Battalion West Riding Regiment.

Sergeant Earnshaw, after his machine gun had been blown up by a shell, succeeded in digging it out, and then got it into working order, all the time being heavily shelled by the Germans, who were only 60 yards away. He also rendered great aid in bandaging up the wounded.

Sergeant Earnshaw has received the congratulations of the General and other officers. Mrs. Earnshaw was informed of the honour won by her husband in a letter from him, and also by one from Captain Tunstill. Sergeant Earnshaw served with the Artillery through the South African War, and present at the relief of Ladysmith.

Captain Tunstill writes as follows:– “The General is having a special parade today to give Lieut. T. Heale (one of the officers in the 10th West Ridings) the Military Cross, and Kaley Earnshaw the D.C.M. We are so delighted about Kaley, do tell everyone in Malhamdale about it, and how well he deserves it too. He is the first of my men to win the D.C.M., although there are many others who have earned it again and again. It is really wonderful to see them, always so cheerful and happy, although undergoing the greatest hardships and privations, under very trying conditions, and I feel more proud of my company each day. I know how proud Pte. Kaley Earnshaw’s fellow dalesmen will be of him, as we are, and will wish both him and the rest of us all good luck and a safe return home.”

16 June 1916

EARNSHAW – June 9th, in France, Sergt. Earnshaw, D.C.M., of the 10th West Yorks., husband of Mrs. Earnshaw of Scosthrop, Airton, Bell Busk.

16 June 1916

SERGT. KAYLEY EARNSHAW, D.C.M., KILLED

News was received on Wednesday that Sergt. Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., of 10th West Yorks., had been killed in action by a trench bomb. The news was received by Sergeant Earnshaw’s wife, who resides at Scosthrop, near Airton, and when it became known in Malhamdale great sympathy was expressed for the widow and family. The following letter was received from Captain Tunstill:– “It is with very great sorrow that I have to tell you that your husband was killed yesterday in doing his duty as a brave man. He was taking his machine gun team to the trenches when a trench mortar hit him, and he was killed on the spot. I knew nothing about it until today, and this evening it has been my duty to see him buried.

“There was no man in this Battalion more respected than your husband. He was one of the few who had won the D.C.M., and he had won the respect and admiration of every officer and man of the Battalion. It is difficult for me to tell you what I think, but I feel his death more perhaps than any other N.C.O. of this Battalion. I remember him as a civilian, and I knew him as a soldier, and you have my sympathy in losing a husband who was a very brave and valiant soldier. I have tonight seen him buried. He is buried some few hundred yards behind the firing line between two little woods. There were not many of us there, but those who were there grieved to lose a man who could be ill spared, and the thought of those there were with you.”

Mr. Harry Foster, a machine gun office, wrote:– “No words of mine can adequately express the sympathy which I, and indeed the whole machine gun section, wish to convey to you in your loss. Earnshaw was one of the finest men and the best soldier in the Battalion, and was respected by officers and men alike, and no man had more thoroughly earned the medal which was recently conferred upon him for distinguished conduct in the field. Sergt. Pickles has collected the articles of personal value which he had with him, and is sending them on to you in due course. I cannot say any more to you, except to tell you that he died instantly (I was there just after he was hit), and without suffering any pain, and I can only hope the thought that he died while doing his duty to his King and country, like the man he was, will be some slight comfort and consolation to you.”

Sergeant Earnshaw, who enlisted in Captain Tunstill’s troop from Airton, went through the Boer War, serving as gunner attached to the 63rd Battery. He was drafted home as an invalid after suffering from fever. He joined the Leeds Royal Artillery at Leeds at the age of 18. He sailed from Bristol in the transport ‘Ismore’, and the vessel was wrecked off Columbia Point, about 90 miles from Cape Town. After spending some days on land, two gunboats were sent down from Cape Town, but they could not get within 12 miles of the spot, and a transport had to be requisitioned to take the men off. Sergeant Earnshaw was in at the capture of Spion Kop and the relief of Ladysmith.

Before joining Captain Tunstill’s troop, Sergt. Earnshaw was under gardener for Mr. Dudley Illingworth at Hanlith Hall. He was highly respected in the district and his wife and two children live at Scosthrop. He earned the D.C.M. in April last. We quote from a report given at the time:– “Sergeant Earnshaw, after his machine gun had been blown up by a shell, succeeded in digging it out, and then got it into working order, all the time being heavily shelled by the Germans, who were only 60 yards away. He also rendered great aid in bandaging up the wounded.”

Sergeant Earnshaw leaves a wife and young family, and for them, as well as for his mother and sisters, great sympathy is felt. His youngest brother recently went out to France, and a nephew, who belonged to Carleton, went down on the ‘Defence’ last week.

28 July 1916

KIRKBY MALHAMDALE AND THE WAR

We regret to have to report that Mrs. Earnshaw, of Airton, has been informed by the War Office that her son, Pte. Farrand Earnshaw, had been missing since July 1st. Pte. Earnshaw was the youngest brother of Sergt Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., whose death was reported in June. He was living with his mother up to the time of joining the army in March last. Great sympathy is felt throughout the dale for the family, and especially for the mother.

18 August 1916

ANOTHER AIRTON SOLDIER KILLED

Mrs. Earnshaw, of Airton, whose youngest son, Farrand, was reported as missing from July 1st, has received from the War Office today a statement that her son was killed in action in France on July 1st. Great sympathy is felt for Mrs. Earnshaw and her family in this their third bereavement. Her son, Sergeant Kayley Earnshaw, D.C.M., was killed on June 9th, and her grandson, Seaman Earnshaw, was lost in the naval battle.

08 March 1918

AIRTON

PRESENTATION OF D.C.M. – During the early part of 1916 the honour of D.C.M. was given to Sergt. Kayley Earnshaw, of the Machine Gun Section, West Riding Regiment, for recovering his gun after it had been buried by shell fire, and for conspicuous courage in attending to the wounded. The people in the district raised a substantial sum as a mark of their appreciation. Later the sad news was received that Sergt. Earnshaw had been killed, and the money raised was invested in War Bonds for Mrs. Earnshaw. He had served in the R.F.A. through the South African campaign. On Thursday last Lieut.-Gen. Sir John Maxwell and a distinguished company met at the Leeds Town Hall, when he presented 86 medals to soldiers or their nearest relatives, 66 being received by soldiers, and 20 by the relatives. Each of the men received an encouraging reception when they mounted the platform, especially warm and sympathetic being the greetings given to relatives of soldiers who had fallen. Amongst this number was Mrs. Kayley Earnshaw, of Scosthrop, whose husband paid the supreme sacrifice on June 9th, 1916.

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