Main CPGW Record
Place of Birth: Goldshaw Booth, Lancashire
Service No: 3702
Regiment / Corps / Service: Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)
Battalion / Unit: 1/6th Battalion
Division: 49th (West Riding) Division
Date of Death: 1915-07-17
CWGC Grave / Memorial Reference: III. B. 12.
CWGC Cemetery: LIJSSENTHOEK MILITARY CEMETERY
CWGC Memorial: ---
Non-CWGC Burial: ---
Local War Memorial: CRACOE, YORKSHIRE
Local War Memorial: HETTON, YORKSHIRE
Local War Memorial: RYLSTONE, YORKSHIRE
Local War Memorial: SILSDEN, YORKSHIRE
Rhodes Spence was the son of Robert Bell and Annie Spence, née Rhodes. Robert was born at Carlton Highdale (Coverdale) and Annie at Stonebeck Up (Nidderdale), Yorkshire. Annie died in 1922 and Robert married Sarah Ellen Metcalfe in 1936.
1901 Burton-cum-Walden, Yorkshire Census: Ashes - Rhodes Spence, aged 6 years, born Goldshaw Booth, Lancashire, son of Robert Bell and Annie Spence.
1911 Sutton-in-Craven, Yorkshire Census: Cranberry Hole Farm - Rhodes Spence, aged 16 years, born Goldshaw Booth, Lancashire, son of Robert Bell and Annie Spence.
The British Army Service Record for Rhodes Spence exists but may be incomplete.
British Army WW1 Medal Rolls Index Cards: Pte Rhodes Spence, 3702, West Riding Regiment. Theatre of war first served in: 1 - France. Date of entry therein: 14 April 1915.
A short biography of Rhodes is included in: ‘Swaledale & Wharfedale Remembered – Aspects of Dales’ life through peace and war’ by Keith Taylor (2006).
See also: ‘Guiseley Terriers: A Small Part in The Great War – A History of the 1/6th Battalion, Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding) Regiment’ by Stephen Barber (2018).
Data Source: Craven’s Part in the Great War - original CPGW book entryView Entry in CPGW Book
Entry in West Yorkshire Pioneer Illustrated War Record:
SPENCE, Rhodes, aged 20, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, son of Mr. and Mrs. Spence, of Aireview, [Silsden], killed in action in July 1915.
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Private Rhodes SPENCE
Regiment / Corps / Service Badge: Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)
Divisional Sign / Service Insignia: 49th (West Riding) Division
Soldiers Died Data for Soldier Records
Born: Silsden, Yorks
Enlisted: Skipton, Yorks
Regiment: Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)
Battalion: 1/6th Battalion
Died Date: 17/07/15
Died How: Died of wounds
Theatre of War: France & Flanders
CWGC Data for Soldier Records
Country of Service: United Kingdom
Service Number: 3702
Regiment: Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)
Unit: 1st/6th Bn.
Died Date: 17/07/1915
Additional Information: Son of Robert Bell Spence and Annie Spence, of Silsden, Yorks.
View Additional Text For Soldier Records
England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966
SPENCE Robert Bell of Low Laithe Summerbridge near Harrogate died 29 May 1938 Administration London 28 June to Sarah Ellen Spence widow. Effects £910 19s. 2d.
Additional Photo(s) For Soldier Records
Silsden's first volunteers, at Wimborne, Dorset, 10th November, 1914
(back l-r) - Thomas Stanley Wrigglesworth, Willie Carter, Lawrence Galvin, -----, -----, John Baldwin, Rhodes Spence, A. Turton, -----; front (l-r) - T. Summerscales, Daniel Faulkner, Job Faulkner, -----, Clarkson Baldwin, Ernest Hustwick
Courtesy of Brian Sunderland, Silsden
View Craven Herald Articles
23 July 1915
SPENCE – July 17th, killed in action at the Front, Private Rhodes Spence, of Keighley Road, Silsden, aged 20 years.
23 July 1915
SILSDEN SOLDIER KILLED IN ACTION
The Rev. R.E. Jones, Wesleyan Chaplain in the Forces, in a letter dated July 18th, and which has been received by Mr. and Mrs. Robert Spence of Mill Banks, Keighley Road, Silsden, gives the following account confirming the death of Private Rhodes Spence, their son:–
“It is my sad duty to inform you of the death of your son Private Rhodes Spence, of the lst 6th West Riding Regiment, who passed away at 5-45a.m.yesterday morning and was buried yesterday afternoon at the cemetery attached to the 19th clearing station.
“The cause of death was a fractured femur and crushed pelvis caused by shellfire. We did all we could for him. May the God of all comfort strengthen and console your heart. Your son has acquitted himself nobly, and his reward is sure. A cross bearing his name will be laid on his grave.”
Private Spence was 20 years of age and enlisted in the middle of December last. In the last letter to his parents, he stated: “Just a line to let you know that I am quite well, hoping you are the same. We are getting a good tiring now. On one occasion we marched about 14 miles, which is quite far enough with full pack, but afterwards we got plenty of rest. My feet have stood it quite well, not having one sore place yet. We have not been in the trenches lately as we have been doing is a bit of shifting about. We are now in it - and find the people very clean. There are a lot of hops grown out here, and one wood that I have seen contains nothing but oak trees, which look splendid.
“I have been in hospital two days with a very bad headache and a cough, but they gave me something which soon sent my headache away and my cough is also much better. I am now among the boys again. I think there are some more boys coming out to us.
“We might be in the trenches again by the time you receive this letter, but don't be alarmed. I had rather be in the trenches than just behind them, so good luck to those that are in.”
Private Spence, who was formerly employed as a weaver at Messrs. John Knox, Airedale Shed, Silsden, is the fourth Silsden soldier to lay down his life for his King and Country. He was well known locally, having been connected with the Silsden Wesleyan Sunday School.
17 September 1915
SILSDEN – MEMORIAL SERVICE IN MEMORY OF FALLEN SOLDIER – Seven Brave Men from Silsden
On Sunday morning a memorial service was held at the Silsden Primitive Methodist Church in memory of the late Gunner Edward Lund, of the 90th Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, who died from wounds sustained at the Dardanelles. Gunner Lund, who formerly resided at 67, Bolton Road, Silsden, was wounded on August 10th, and died in No. 15, General Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, on the 17th of August. There was a good congregation which included a number of deceased’s relatives, Mr. C.H. Fletcher (military representative at Silsden), and Privates J. Brear, J. Bond, J. Gill, T. Hardcastle, Sheldon, junr., Sheldon, sen., Whiteoak, W. Summerscales, C. Summerscales, J. Inman, W. Clarkson, W. Tillotson, Calvert, Locker and Atkinson, of the various West Riding Regiments who were home on leave.
Rev. Wm. Dickinson (pastor) during the service said he was sure he voiced the feelings of the members of the congregation when he said it was with deep regret that they had received the sad intelligence during the last few days of three of their townsmen who had died on the battlefield. They were all exceedingly sorry to hear of the death of Gunner Edward Lund, who died as a result of receiving severe gun shot wounds. Gunner Lund was associated with that Church, and they sympathised with his relatives and friends and prayed that they might be comforted in that their time of great sorrow. He, with others, had laid down his life for his King and Country. There was now a loss of seven brave men from Silsden who had given their lives for the defence of our home and country. The first one was Private Harold Snoddin, [Snowden] who was killed on guard duty, and then followed Private Ben Hodgson, Private Isaac Wade, Private Rhodes Spence, who died on the field in Flanders, and now they had in addition to Gunner Edward Lund, the loss of Private Ernest Hustwick and Private Wm. Gill. The above had been either killed in action or died of wounds. The latter three had been at the Dardanelles. And in addition to those whom they knew who had gone from that little town of Silsden, we had very many brave men who had laid down their lives for King and Country. Some had found a grave in the waters of the great deep, and there could be no marked places as to where they had gone down, and many were laid in unknown graves on the Gallipoli Peninsula, and also on the fields of Flanders. We were thankful for their devoted and self-sacrificing services, and very gratefully paid honourable homage to them as true warriors for their King and for their country.
The hymns, ‘Jesus lover of my soul,’ ‘Just as I am,’ ‘Rock of ages,’ and ‘O God our help in ages past,’ were sung, and the choir sang the anthem ‘Pass thy burden upon the Lord.’ At the close of the service the organist (Mr. Bernard Longbottom) played the ‘Dead March,’ while the congregation remained standing.
24 December 1915
NINTH SILSDEN SOLDIER KILLED
Information has been received of the death of Private Nelson Holmes, of the 6th West Riding Regiment, and son of Mr. Timothy Holmes, of 67, Aire View, Silsden, which took place on the Western Front on December 14th. Second-Lieut. F. Longdon Smith, in a letter received by his father on Monday, states:– “I am very sorry to have to write and tell you that your son Private N. Holmes, of D Company, 6th West Riding Regiment was killed about noon on the day of December 14th. He was on periscope duty at the time, and was fixing his periscope, and must have exposed himself for a second or two and was shot in the head by a sniper. He lived for a few minutes and the stretcher-bearer dressed his wound, but he was never conscious, and from the first we knew there was no hope. On behalf of the Officers, N.C.O.’s and men, I wish to express to you my deepest sympathy in your great loss. Since your son joined us out here he has always shown plenty of pluck and fearlessness, and we are all sorry to lose him.”
Private Holmes, who was only eighteen years of age on the 14th of July last, enlisted on the first day of December of last year. He served a period of training at Skipton, Derby, Doncaster, York, and Thorseby Park, leaving the latter place along with about half-a-dozen Silsden soldiers to go to the Front at the end of June last.
Private Holmes has a brother serving in the same regiment, he going out to the Front along with him. The deceased was a former member of the 1st Silsden Troop of Boy Scouts. This makes the ninth Silsden soldier who has given his life for his country.
The names of the remaining eight are Private Harold Snowden, Private Ben Hodgson, Private Isaac Wade, Private Rhodes Spence, Private W. Gill, Private Ernest Hustwick, Gunner Edward Lund, and Private Jobey Faulkner.
14 July 1916
SPENCE - In loving memory of Pte. Rhodes Spence (Silsden) West Riding Regiment. Died from wounds July 17, 1915.
He left his home in the flower of youth,
He looked so strong and brave;
We little thought how soon he’d be
Laid in a hero’s grave.
We often sit and think of him,
And think of how he died;
It seemed so hard for us to part,
And never say good-bye.
Ever remembered by Father, Mother, Brothers and Sisters, 77, Aireview, Silsden.
14 July 1916
MARSHALL - In loving memory of our dear Brother Horace, of the Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, who was killed in action somewhere in France, July 15, 1915, in his 24th year.
Sleep on dear Brother and take thy rest,
They miss you most who loved you best;
We often think of days gone by
When we were all together.
A shadow o’er our lives is cast,
A dear one gone for ever.
True to His King, His Country and His God.
From His loving Sisters Alice and Florence.
In memory of Private Horace Marshall, who was killed in action in France on July 15th, 1915; also his comrade, Private Rhodes Spence, who died of wounds received in action on July 17th, 1915, both of the 1/6th Duke of Wellington’s Regiment.
They were comrades in life,
In death not divided.
From their friends at Hetton, July 14, 1916.
22 September 1916
SILSDEN – BAND’S TRIBUTE TO FALLEN MEMBER
A service was held at the Silsden Wesleyan Church on Sunday morning in memory of the late Corporal Fred Taylor, of Silsden, who was killed in action on the Western Front on the 29th of August. The service was conducted by the Rev. Thomas Dargue, of Crosshills, who, in making reference to the deceased soldier, said facts has been published in the local Press regarding his death and were no doubt well known by all of them. Silsden, he said, was certainly suffering its quota in the sacrifice of brave lads and men in connection with the war. That place of worship had lost Private Rhodes Spence about a year ago, and now again Corpl. Fred Taylor. Both deceased soldiers had had associations with the Silsden Wesleyan Sunday School, and the presence of that large gathering expressed sympathy with the friends and relatives who were left behind. He commended them with very heartfelt grief to the comfort and help of God.
The Silsden Brass Band, of which Corpl. Taylor was a former member for several years and a trombone player, played the hymn ‘Holy, holy, holy’ from the Band Room, in Skipton Road, to the Wesleyan Church, and during the service they played ‘A few more years shall roll’ to the tune composed by the late Mr. Edward Newton, a former Silsden bandmaster and well known musical composer. The hymns sung during the service also included ‘O God our help in ages past’, ‘The son of God goes forth to war, a kingly crown to gain’, and ‘Jerusalem the golden’. The band struck a solemn and impressive note in the service during the playing of that well known hymn, and their tribute to one whose happy associations they still cherish was worthy of the band’s best traditions.
After the service they played the hymn ‘Hark the angelic hosts above’ from the Wesleyan Church to their rooms. The bandmaster was Mr. George Laycock.
13 July 1917
SPENCE – In loving memory of Rhodes Spence, dearly beloved son of Mr. and Mrs. R. Spence, Silsden, who died from wounds in France, July 17th 1915.
“Those who have lost can understand.”
Also of our dear daughter, Ivy, who passed away May 14th, 1914.
“Remembered by all at home.”
13 July 1917
MARSHALL - In proud and loving remembrance of our dearly loved and only brother, Horace, who died on the Field of Honour, July 15th 1915, in his 24th year. Also his dear chum, Private Rhodes Spence, died from wounds, July 17th 1915.
A dear kind brother, a loving friend,
Two of the best that God could lend;
They bravely answered Duty’s call,
They gave their lives for those they loved.
The blow was hard, the shock severe,
To part with one we loved so dear;
Our lot is hard, we’ll not complain,
But hope in Heaven we shall meet again.
From his dear sisters, Polly, Alice, Florence.
12 July 1918
SPENCE – In loving remembrance of a dear son and brother, Rhodes Spence, who died from wounds, 17th July, 1915, also of his pal, Horace Marshall.
They loved not war; but at their country’s call
They made the grand surrender, leaving all —
Friends, plans, ambitions, all the hope of years.
Their willing hands will toil no more.
On earth there is strife, in Heaven there is rest.
They miss you most who loved you best.
From the Family and Walter in France. 77 Aire View, Silsden.
11 July 1919
MARSHALL – In loving memory of my dear brother, Private Horace Marshall, 1/6th Duke of Wellington’s, who was killed in action, July 15th, 1915.
Time has passed on, dear brother,
Loving memories still remain;
Hours of joy we have spent together,
Hours we cannot share again.
You left behind some aching hearts
That never could or will forget.
From Florrie and Jack, Newmillerdam.
Also of his dear friend Private Rhodes Spence, who died of wounds 17th July.
“War’s bitter cost and a dear son lost.”
MARSHALL – In ever loving memory of my dearest brother, Private Horace Marshall, 1/6th Duke of Wellington’s, who was killed in action, July 15th, 1915, aged 24 years.
Very dearly loved and sadly missed by his loving sister Alice.
Also in loving memory of his dear chum, Private Rhodes Spence, who died of wounds July 17th, 1915.
They sleep with England’s heroes
In the watchful care of God.
18 July 1918
SPENCE – In loving memory of Private Rhodes Spence, who died July 17th, 1915; also of Ivy, who died May 14th, 1914.
‘Tis sad, but so true we cannot tell why,
The best are the first that are called to die;
If love could have saved, they would not have died.
Ever remembered by all at 77 Aire View, Silsden.
View West Yorkshire Pioneer Articles
23 July 1915
DEATH OF A SILSDEN SOLDIER – Private Rhodes Spence
Silsden has lost another soldier at the Front, which makes the third Silsden lad who has died for his King and Country.
Private Rhodes Spence enlisted in the 1st 6th West Riding Regiment last December, and after a few months training left for France on the 14th of April. He was only 20 years of age. Private Spence was the second son of Mr. and Mrs. Spence of Aireview, Silsden, who have their eldest son also fighting at the Front with the Garrison Artillery. The sad news reached Silsden on Tuesday morning in a letter to Mr. and Mrs. Spence from Mr. R.E. Jones (Chaplain to the Regiment) which is dated July 18th, Sunday last, and is written from the 10th Casualty Clearing Station, British Expeditionary Forces, and reads as follows:– “Dear Mrs. Spence, – It is my sad duty to inform you of the death of your son, Private R. Spence, 1st 6th West Riding Regiment, 3702, who passed away at 5.45 a.m. yesterday morning, and was buried yesterday afternoon in the cemetery attached to this station. The cause of death was fractured femur and crushed pelvis, caused by shellfire. We did all we could for him. May the God of all comfort, strengthen and console your heart. Your son has acquitted himself nobly, and his reward is sure. A cross bearing his name will be placed on his grave.
“Yours with much sympathy, R.E. Jones, Chaplain.”
30 July 1915
THE LATE PRIVATE R. SPENCE OF SILSDEN
Mr. and Mrs. Spence of Aireview, Silsden, whose son as we reported last week has been killed at the Front, has received a letter from Captain Hugh Dixon, of the 1st 6th Duke of Wellington’s West Riding Regiment, of which Private Rhodes Spence was a member. This letter reads as follows:– Dear Mr. and Mrs. Spence, – I have the painful duty of having to write and inform you that your son, No. 3702, Private R. Spence, has died in hospital from wounds received in the trenches on Thursday, July 15th. He died on the 17th July. He was practically buried in sandbags and earth, caused by a shell from a trench mortar hitting the parapet where he was standing. He was released with all haste and seemed quite cheerful, although suffering from shock and a broken leg. On being removed to hospital it was found that the weight of the earth, etc., which had fallen on him, had caused serious internal injuries, to which he succumbed on the 17th. His pal, Marshall, was also killed the same date, near the same place. They were two fine workers – fearless and desirous of doing their duty to the last. We had a rough four days, during which we lost some fine fellows. I can only say your son has died the death of a loyal Englishman, and his record with us has been one of which you can well be proud. Please accept the sympathy of Major Bateman, myself and the other officers, N.C.O.'s and men of the company. – I am, yours sincerely, Hugh Dixon, Captain, 1st 6th Duke of Wellington’s Regiment.”
24 December 1915
CRAVEN’S ROLL OF HONOUR – SILSDEN
Pte. Rhodes Spence, 6th West Riding (Duke of Wellington’s) Regiment, killed in action in July. Son of Mr. and Mrs. Spence of Aireview, Silsden. Twenty years of age.
28 July 1916
SILSDEN’S GALLANT HEROES
Since the war commenced Silsden has lost fourteen of her gallant fighting sons while serving their King and Country. Their names are:–Pte. Ben Hodgson, Pte. Rhodes Spence, Pte. Isaac Wade, Pte. J. Faulkner, Pte. Nelson Holmes, Gunner Edward Lund, Pte. Ernest Hustwick, Pte. Wm. Gill, Pte. Harold Snoddin [Snowden] (killed on the railway while on guard duty in the country), Pte. Thomas Stanley Wrigglesworth, Pte. John Gill, Sergt. John Baldwin, Pte. Robt. Reed, and Pte. Herbert Harper.
05 January 1917
INTERCESSION AND MEMORIAL SERVICE AT SILSDEN – Impressive Sermon by Rev. W. Dickinson
An intercession and memorial service for the fallen heroes in the war was held at the Silsden Primitive Methodist Church on Sunday evening last. There was a large congregation, and the officiating minister was Rev. Wm. Dickinson (pastor). During the service the hymns 'O God our help in ages past,’ ‘Lord God of hosts, Whose Almighty hand,’ ‘God the all terrible! King Who ordainest,’ and ‘When wilt Thou save the people’ were sung. Miss Clara Fortune also ably sang the solo ‘O rest in the Lord,’ and at the close of the service the organist (Mr. Bernard Longbottom) played the ‘Dead march’ in ‘Saul,’ and the National Anthem was sung.
WAR A HARMFUL THING
Preaching from the text Psalm 46, 9th verse, ‘He maketh wars to cease unto the ends of the earth,’ Mr. Dickinson said it seemed almost superfluous to say in this sad day in which we lived that war was a serious and harmful thing. It was, however, a great outstanding fact. When they looked at the expense even in times of peace, when nations made preparations for war, it was even then a great expense, but in days of actual warfare as to-day, when the nation was spending at least £5,000,000 a day, then it was that they were reminded that war was a serious thing from a financial point of view. They tried to have dreams or visions as to what would have been done with that money for philanthropic purposes and for the social amelioration of the people of this country, but the country had put those dreams or visions in the back ground. Then we had the cruelty of it, and the passions that it excited. It marched to hunger and thirst and wounds and death. Then we had the bereavements. Children were made orphans, women were made widows, and parents mourned over children and many were left childless. Then we also had the deplorable feelings produced by war, feeling of revenge, feelings that produced quarrelsomeness, a desire for power and an unholy lust of ambition. That was seen by the works of the great Napoleon, and also by the Kaiser and the Prussian War Lords. The question that now forced itself to the front was ‘Is all war morally wrong?’ We had a very high ideal, and we believed that war was all wrong. They read in the Old Book that David was not allowed to build the temple of the Lord because his hands had been stained by blood, and he was spoken of as a man of war. But, in these days we had to look at actual facts. What was the actual state today? When one side would prepare for war and was determined to declare war, what then could we do? That great poet in Russia called Tolstoy preached the doctrine of being passive, but when we came to think of it, could we be passive? If our homes were to be destroyed and our wives and children to be taken from us, could we be passive? Did it not arouse within us that spirit of manhood that we must assert ourselves and that we must fight? If we were not prepared to do that, all he could think was that we were cowards. They ought to bury their heads and be ashamed of themselves. In days of peace with one breath they would denounce all war, and yet in the very next breath they would ask the question why the Congo atrocities were not stopped even if force were necessary. To-day they looked upon a devastated Serbia, Montenegro, Belgium, and alas Roumania, and they came to the conclusion that there were worse things than war – Armenia and the Congo, and the slavery of the South Americans; and what would have been the slavery of Europe had it not been for the call to arms in a cause that was just and righteous?
A JUST AND RIGHTEOUS CAUSE
If it were not for that conviction that the cause for which they were at war was just and righteous, many of them would have failed to preach, to pray, or to look to God. But, it was that which gave them strength that they looked to him Who was the present help and refuge in their trouble. In their fight against war whom should they attack? Often in the past the attack was made upon the soldier. They could not do that to-day as far as this country war concerned. They had a great civilian army, and they were fighting for freedom, for righteousness, and for justice. They never wanted to be soldiers, they never wanted to fight, but the call had come and they could do no other. Who made war, and why should there be war? Not the soldier. In the days that were gone, it was more the civilian than the soldier, the civilian because he was represented by his Parliament and that Parliament as the representative of the civilian often made war, because the lust for power and the lust for gold had got hold of them. Then in the commercial world, amongst what was known as the ruling classes, there was generally speaking a disposition to make war because there was the old saying that trade followed the flag. The soldier fought because he was ordered to do. It was neither Roberts, Kitchener, nor Buller who made the Boer War. If anybody made it, it was Kruger, Milner, and Chamberlain, and it was made because they had greed for power, and an unholy ambition and wish for gold. If they went back through the pages of history, they would find that that was the source of war as far as this country was concerned. He had come to the conclusion that the man who shouted for war had an axe to grind. The man who shouted for war ought to be made to go and face the music and not to send others. What did soldiery stand for? Generally speaking it stood for the aggressive, the quarrelsome, the brute force. They could not say that of the civilian army that had been raised by this country. They were not aggressive, they were not quarrelsome, and neither could they say that they were asserting brute force. He was sorry to have to say it of the Central Powers where conscription had been reigning for so many years. It was the brute force and the aggressive power that they would have to abolish. But when they had said that, they were bound to come to the conclusion that
SOLDIERY HAS ITS GOOD POINTS
The soldier side by side with the doctor stood to give his life for his country and that was a great deal. He would advise anyone to pause before he sneered at a soldier. He stood between them and the enemy, and if it had not been for the brave men who had stood thus, where would they have been to-day? They had no words too high in their commendation and admiration and love for the civilians of this Empire, who had stood between them and the enemy in this time of crisis. The question came to each one of them what was their position and what were they doing in the national crisis that was before them, and still after all they came to the conclusion that the soldier's life as they saw it to-day was a regrettable necessity, that all those brave men should have to shoulder the musket and defend our shores and fight for the freedom, righteousness, and justice of a cause that none of them disputed. They regretted in this the 20th century that such a thing should have happened. It ought not to have come to pass, and it never would have come to pass if the great Central Powers of Europe had taken heed of the sayings of Christ, and had seen His crucified hands instead of the mailed fist, and if they had listened to His beatitudes instead of the philosophy of the German teachers. How were they to lessen those evils? They must attack the root, that lust for power, that quarrelsome spirit, and that unholy ambition that had dominated the great Central Powers. How were they to attack the root? By educating the people for peace at the proper time, and that perhaps was not just yet. It was an easy matter to give descriptions of the horrors of war, to speak of its abominations, and even to denounce statesmen and people who sanctioned war, but how few people there were who searched for methods by means of which war could be put down and destroyed. When the history of the war and the part which the British Empire had taken in it came to be written – he was not a prophet or the son of a prophet – he ventured to say that the writer would pay a fine testimony to the ex-Foreign Minister of this country (Sir Edward Grey) who night and day at the beginning or before the declaration of war strove with all the brain power he had, and with every ounce of strength, he could put in, to avert this great catastrophe. If to-day he was in the back ground, he would looked upon as one of the finest statesmen this country ever had. On what lines were they to educate people for peace? There was a form of Government not only to arrest this demon war, but to bind him in chains. What was it? A cosmopolitan administration or a great Federal Government of the world. They might be dreamers, but certainly there would come a day either in London, Paris, or New York, when there would be a great Federal Government, and that Government would help them to the day when wars would cease.
THE CHURCH'S ROLL OF HONOUR
Proceeding, Mr. Dickinson said he was sure he was voicing the feelings of all present when he said they sympathised very deeply with the families of Pte. Percy Kellett and Lance-Corpl. T.C. Green, both of whom were in hospital suffering from wounds. They prayed for their speedy recovery, and also that their parents and relatives might he comforted. Then they had Ptes. Bernard Locker and Gannett Longbottom, who were reported as missing, and it was hoped that before long good news would be heard of them. They had to add two other names – Pte. Dan Faulkner and Gunner W.H. Sutcliffe, both of whom had been killed in action – to their list of fallen who had been intimately associated with their church and Sunday-school. Mr. Dickinson then read a list of Silsden soldiers who had died serving their King and Country. They were as follows:– Pte. Harold Snoddin [Snowden], Pte. B. Hodgson, Pte. I. Wade, Pte. R. Spence, Pte. E. Hustwick, Gunner E. Lund, Pte. W. Gill, Pte. J. Faulkner, Pte. N. Holmes, Pte. R. Read, Pte. J. Gill, Pte. S. Wrigglesworth, Sergt. J. Baldwin, Sergt. R. Hill, Pte. Wm. Richmond, Pte. W.H. Teale, Corpl. F. Taylor, Pte. H. Harper, Pte. D. Faulkner, and Gunner W.H.Sutcliffe.
Mr. Dickinson also read the church's roll of honour, which comprised 110 names.
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